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Brief Entries

夏【なつ】:行事 【ぎょうじ】
natsu: gyōji, Summer: Observances

母の日 【ははのひ】 haha no hi, Mother's Day [2nd Sunday in May] (early summer).
端午 【たんご】 tango, Boys' Day [5 May] (early summer).
五月の節句 【ごがつのせっく】 May Festival [=Boys' Festival]
重五 【ちょうご】 chōgo, Fifth-Day (Festival) [literally something like "Big Fifth"]
菖蒲の節句 【しょうぶのせっく】 shōbu no sekku, Iris Festival
菖蒲の日 【しょうぶのひ】 shōbu no hi, Iris Day
幟 【のぼり】 nobori, (carp) banner/streamer [decoration for Boys' Day] (early summer).
五月幟 【さつきのぼり】 (皐月幟) satsuki nobori, fifth (lunar) month banner/streamer
鯉幟 【こいのぼり】 koi nobori, carp banner/streamer
座敷幟 【ざしきのぼり】 zashiki nobori, living-room banner/streamer
初幟 【はつのぼり】 hatsu nobori, first (carp) banner/streamer [that is, celebrating the first-born son]
山開 【やまびらき】 yamabiraki, Mountain Opening [for mountain climbing; dates vary according to particular mountains] (late summer).
鬼灯市 【ほおずきいち】 hōzukiichi, (ほほづきいち), Chinese-lantern (plant) market [9-10 July, Tokyo] (late summer).
酸漿市 【ほおずきいち】 hōzukiichi, Chinese-lantern market
祭 【まつり】 matsuri, festival [any one of numerous summer festivals at different times] (all summer).
夏祭 【なつまつり】 natsu matsuri, summer festival
祭囃子 【まつりばやし】 matsuribayashi, festival orchestra
祭笛 【まつりぶえ】 matsuribue, festival flute(s)
祭太鼓 【まつりだいこ】 matsuridaiko, festival drum(s)
祭髪 【まつりがみ】 matsurigami, festival coiffure/hairdo
祭笠 【まつりがさ】 matsurigasa, festival hat
祭提灯 【まつりぢょうちん】 matsurijōchin, festival lantern [portable]
祭宿 【まつりやど】 matsuri yado, festival inn
御旅所 【おたびしょ】 otabisho, portable shrine
夜宮 【よみや】 yomiya, festival eve
祭前 【まつりまえ】 matsuri mae, pre-festival [preparations]
祭後 【まつりあと】 matsuri ato, post-festival
祇園祭 【ぎおんまつり】 gion matsuri, Gion Festival [Kyoto, 17-24 July]
御祓(禊) 【みそぎ】 misogi, purification rite/ritual/ceremony (late summer).
夏越の祓 【なつごしのはらえ】 natsugoshi no harae, summer-passage purification
水無月祓 【みなづきはらえ】 minazuki harae, waterless month purification
御祓川 【みそぎがわ】 misogigawa, purification river
茅の輪 【ちのわ】 chi no wa, circle of thatch [through which one goes during a purification rite]
安居 【あんご】 ango, (summer) seclusion [Bhuddist monks' period of staying in temple or hermitage, traditionally from the middle of lunar fourth month through middle of seventh month] (all summer).
夏安居 【げあんご】 geango, summer seclusion
夏行 【げぎょう】 gegyō, summer seclusion [literally, "summer practices"]
夏籠 【げごもり】 gegomori, summer confinement
雨安居 【うあんご】 u-ango, rainy seclusion [relates to 梅雨【つゆ】 tsuyu, rainy season]
一夏 【いちげ】 ichige, all summer / whole summer / summer-long (seclusion)
桜桃忌 【おうとうき】 ōtōki, Cherry Memorial Day [19 June; death anniversary of novelist Dazai Osamu 太宰治 (1909-1948); note: 桜桃【おうとう】 ōtō refers to the edible fruit] (mid summer).
太宰忌 【だざいき】 dazai-ki, Dazai's (Death) Anniversary
河童忌 【かっぱき】 kappa-ki, Akutagawa's (Death) Anniversary [24 July; celebrating Akutagawa Ryūnosuke (1892-1927); named after his last novel, Kappa (Water Sprite)] (late summer).
我鬼忌 【がきき】 gakiki, Akutagawa's (Death) Anniversary [based on his haikai pen name]
龍之介忌 【りゅうのすけき】 ryumacr;nosuke-ki, Akutagawa's (Death) Anniversary
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