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秋【あき】:植物 【しょくぶつ】
aki: shokubutsu, Autumn: Plants

木犀 【もくせい】 mokusei, sweet olive / sweet osmanthus [Osmanthus fragrans varieties] (late autumn).
金木犀 【きんもくせい】 kinmokusei, golden sweet olive / golden sweet osmanthus [Osmanthus fragrans variety aurantiacus]
銀木犀 【ぎんもくせい】 ginmokusei, silver sweet olive / silver sweet osmanthus [Osmanthus fragrans]
薄黄木犀 【うすぎもくせい】 usugimokusei, pale-yellow sweet olive / pale-yellow sweet osmanthus [Osmanthus fragrans variety thunbergii]
木槿 【むくげ】 mukuge, rose of sharon / hibiscus / althea [Hibiscus syriacus; not to be confused with 葵【あおい】aoi, hollyhock / althea, in summer; see also note on 蕣 at 朝顔【あさがお】 asagao, morning-glory, below] (early autumn).
芙蓉 【ふよう】 fuyō, rose mallow(s) [Hibiscus mutabilis] (early autumn).
椿の実 【つばきのみ】 tsubaki no mi, fruit of the camellia (late autumn).
梨 【なし】 nashi, (Japanese round) pear(s) [fruit of Pyrus pyrifolia] (all autumn).
ありの実 【ありのみ】 arinomi, (Japanese round) pear(s)
西洋梨 【せいようなし】 seiyō-nashi, (European/Western) pear(s) [fruit of Pyrus communis]
柿 【かき】 kaki, persimmon(s) [fruit of Diospyros kaki or related species] (late autumn).
甘柿 【あまがき】 amagaki, sweet persimmon(s)
渋柿 【しぶがき】 shibugaki, astringent persimmon(s)
木守柿 【きもりがき】 kimorigaki (きまもりがき), tree-ripened persimmon(s) [among the last picked; suggests that the fruit was guarded until fully ripened]
林檎 【りんご】 ringo, apple(s) [fruit of Malus pumila] (late autumn).
葡萄 【ぶどう】 budō, (ぶだう), grapes [eminent haiku masters have placed this kidai in early, mid, and late autumn, apparently according to geographical latitude and local grape production; we follow Inahata Teiko's Hototogisu New Saijiki with an all-autumn designation, leaning toward mid autumn] (all autumn).
葡萄園 【ぶどうえん】 budōen, vineyard
葡萄棚 【ぶどうだな】 budōdana, grape racks
無花果 【いちじく】 ichijiku, fig(s) [fruit of Ficus carica] (late autumn).
石榴(柘榴) 【ざくろ】 zakuro, pomegranate(s) [fruit of Punica granatum] (mid autumn).
【みざくろ(実石榴)】 mizakuro, pomegranate(s)
胡桃 【くるみ】 kurumi, walnut(s) [commonly, fruit of Juglans regia, though other species are found in the wild] (late autumn).
柚子 【ゆず】 yuzu, citron [a small citrus fruit, Citrus medica (late autumn).
柚 【ゆ】 yu, citron
青柚 【あおゆ】 aoyu, green citron
醋橘 【すだち】 sudachi, Tokushima citron [literally "sour/vinegar orange"]
芳醋 【かぼす】 kabosu, Ōita citron [literally "fragrant sour/vinegar (citrus)"]
木醋 【きず】 kizu, Kyūshū citron [literally "tree vinegar/sour (citrus)"]
檸檬 【れもん】 remon, lemon(s) [fruit of Citrus limonia] (late autumn).
【レモン】 remon, lemon(s)
紅葉 【もみじ】 momiji, (もみぢ), red leaves / red (maple) leaves (late autumn).
夕紅葉 【ゆうもみじ】 yūmomiji, evening red leaves
むら紅葉 【むらもみじ】 muramomiji, village's red leaves
谿紅葉 【たにもみじ】 tanimomiji, valley's red leaves
紅葉山 【もみじやま】 momijiyama, red-leaved mountain
黄落 【こうらく】 kōraku, (くわうらく), falling yellow leaves (late autumn).
錦木 【にしきぎ】 nishikigi, winged spindle-tree [for its red autumn foliage and fruit; Euonymus alatus] (late autumn).
錦木の実 【にしきぎのみ】 nishikigi no mi, fruit of the winged spindle-tree
桐一葉 【きりひとは】 kiri hitoha, one paulownia leaf [refers to the sound of one of the Paulownia tomentosa tree's large leaves falling] (early autumn).
一葉落つ 【ひとはおつ】 hitoha otsu, one (paulownia) leaf falls
秋の芽 【あきのめ】 aki no me, autumn buds/sprouts (early autumn).
秋芽 【あきめ】 akime, autumn buds/sprouts
新松子 【しんちぢり】 shinchijiri, new pinecone(s) (late autumn).
青松毬(青松笠) 【あおまつかさ】 aomatsukasa, green pinecone(s)
木の実 【このみ】 konomi, nut/fruit/berry [or plurals; of a tree or shrub; note that the common vernacular pronunciation きのみ ki no mi, is not used for this term in haikai] (all autumn).
木の実落つ 【このみおつ】 konomi otsu, nut/fruit/berry falls
木の実降る 【このみふる】 konomi furu, nuts/fruits/berries rain down
木の実独楽 【このみごま】 konomigoma, nut top [a toy]
木の実拾う 【このみひろう】 konomi hirou, (to) gather nuts/fruits/berries
団栗 【どんぐり】 donguri, acorn(s) (late autumn).
梅擬 【うめもどき】 ume-modoki, winterberry / finetooth holly [for its red berries; literally "mock plum"; Ilex serrata and similar species] (late autumn).
梅嫌 【うめもどき】 ume-modoki, winterberry / finetooth holly
落霜紅 【うめもどき】 ume-modoki (らくそうこう), winterberry / finetooth holly [kanji literally "frost-reddened (fruit)"]
蔓梅擬 【つるうめもどき】 tsuru-ume-modoki, bittersweet [literally "vine ume-modoki", a woody climbing vine whose fruit splits open to reveal bright red seeds, Celastrus orbiculatus] (late autumn).
【つるもどき】 tsuru-modoki, bittersweet
通草(木通) 【あけび】 akebi, akebi / chocolate vine [woody climbing vine, Akebia quinata] (mid autumn).
通草の実 【あけびのみ】 akebi no mi, akebi berry/berries
三葉通草 【みつばあけび】 mitsuba akebi, three-leaved akebi [A. trifoliata]
郁子 【むべ】 mube, evergreen akebi [Stauntonia hexaphylla]
常盤通草 【ときわあけび】 tokiwa akebi, evergreen akebi [= mube]
蔦 【つた】 tsuta, Japanese ivy [Parthenocissus tricuspidata] (all autumn).
蔦紅葉 【つたもみじ】 tsuta-momiji, scarlet Japanese ivy (leaves)
紅葉蔦 【もみじづた】 momiji-zuta, scarlet (-leaved) Japanese ivy
錦蔦 【にしきづた】 nishiki-zuta, brocaded Japanese ivy [literal, "brocaded" used figuratively]
蔦かずら 【つたかずら】 tsuta kazura, ivy and vines / creepers [a more generic term]
竹の春 【たけのはる】 take no haru, bamboo spring (mid autumn).
芭蕉 【ばしょう】 bashō, (ばせう), banana plant / plantain [Musa paradisiaca, a large perennial related to the commercial banana, prized for its leaves] (all autumn).
【カンナ】 kanna, canna (flowers) [Canna species, most with bright red flowers] (early autumn).
朝顔 【あさがお】 asagao, (あさがほ), morning-glory/glories [Ipomea species] (early autumn).
牽牛花 【けんぎゅうか】 kengyūka, morning-glory/glories
蕣 【あさがお】 asagao, morning-glory/glories [but note that this kanji is also used for むくげ mukuge, rose of Sharon / hibiscus / althea, Hibiscus syriacus]
鶏頭 【けいとう】 keitō, cockscomb(s) (all autumn).
鶏頭花 【けいとうか】 keitōka, cockscomb flower(s)
【コスモス】 kosumosu, cosmos / Mexican aster(s) [Cosmos bipinnatus, the common garden cosmos] (mid autumn).
秋桜 【あきざくら】 akizakura, cosmos [literally "autumn cherry (blossoms)"]
白粉花 【おしろいばな】 oshiroibana, four o'clock flower(s) / Marvel-of-Peru [literally "white face-powder flower(s)"; Mirabilis jalapa] (all autumn).
【おしろい】 oshiroi, four o'clock flower(s) / Marvel-of-Peru [literally "white face-powder"]
夕化粧 【ゆうげしょう】 yūgeshō, four o'clock flower(s) / Marvel-of-Peru [literally "evening make-up"]
鳳仙花 【ほうせんか】 hōsenka, (ほうせんくわ), impatiens / touch-me-not(s) [cultivated varieties of Impatiens species, a genus in the balsam family; distinguish 釣船草【つりふねそう】 tsurifunesō, wild touch-me-not / jewelweed, also Impatiens species, blooming at the same time] (early autumn).
【つまくれない(爪紅)】 tsumakurenai, touch-me-not(s) [colloquial; literally "(finger-)nail red"]
【つまべに(爪紅)】 tsumabeni, touch-me-not(s) [colloquial; same as previous]
染指草 【せんしそう】 senshisō, touch-me-not(s) [colloquial; literally "dye-finger(-nail) plant"]
鬼灯 【ほおずき】 鬼燈hōzuki, (ほほづき), ground cherry/cheries / Chinese lantern(s) [literally "demon lamp"; Physalis alkekengi] (all autumn).
酸漿 【ほおずき】 hōzuki, ground cherry/cherries / Chinese lantern(s) [literally "tart juice"]
秋海棠 【しゅうかいどう】 shūdō, (しゅうかいだう), hardy begonia(s) [of the 1000 or more begonia species and cultivators, this is Begonia evansiana, the hardiest garden variety] (all autumn).
菊 【きく】 giku, chrysanthemums (all autumn).
大菊 【おおぎく】 ōgiku, large chrysanthemums
中菊 【ちゅうぎく】 chūgiku, medium (-sized) chrysanthemums
小菊 【こぎく】 kogiku, small chrysanthemums
糸瓜 【へちま】 蛮瓜/布瓜hechima, sponge gourd / loofah [fruit of the Luffa cylindrica] (all autumn).
芋 【いも】 imo, taro [sometimes colloquial for potato, but not in haikai; may carry overtone of yokel, bumpkin] (all autumn).
里芋 【さといも】 satoimo, taro
芋畑 【いもばたけ】 imobatake, taro field
衣被ぎ 【きぬかつぎ】 kinukatsugi, unblemished taro [for boiling in their skins; see 衣被【きぬかつぎ】 kinukatsugi under the category 生活【せいかつ】 seikatsu, Daily Life] (all autumn).
貝割菜 【かいわりな】 kaiwarina, (かひわりな), radish sprouts [literally "open shell greens"; young sprouts of 大根【だいこん】 daikon, 蕪【かぶ】 kabu, turnip, and so on] (mid autumn).
唐辛子 【とうがらし】 tōgarashi, red peppers / cayenne peppers [hotter representatives of the Capsicum genus] (all autumn).
蕃椒 【とうがらし】 tōgarashi, red peppers / cayenne peppers
稲 【いね】 ine, rice-plant(s) [refers to the mature plants] (all autumn).
稲穂 【いなほ】 inaho, ear/head of rice
稲田 【いなだ】 inada, paddy with (mature) rice plants
稲の香 【いねのか】 ine no ka, fragrance of rice plants
稲の秋 【いねのあき】 ine no aki, rice-plant autumn
落穂 【おちぼ】 ochibo, fallen rice-ears (late autumn).
落穂拾い 【おちぼひろい】 ochibo hiroi, gathering fallen rice-ears / gleaning rice-ears
玉蜀黍 【とうもろこし】 tōmorokoshi, (たうもろこし), field corn / maize / Indian corn [Zea maize] (mid autumn).
唐黍 【とうきび】 tōkibi, field corn / maize / Indian corn
【もろこし】 morokoshi, field corn / maize / Indian corn
蕎麦の花 【そばのはな】 soba no hana, buckwheat flowers (early autumn).
蕎麦 【そば】 soba, buckwheat (flowers)
敗荷 【やれはす】 yarehasu, broken/withered lotus (plants) [kanji literally "broken bags", from appearance] (late autumn).
破れ蓮(破蓮) 【やれはちす】 yarehachisu, broken/withered lotus
草の花 【くさのはな】 kusa no hana, (autumn) wildflowers [note: "grass flowers" is not a good translation, as 草 includes forbs and herbs] (all autumn).
千草の花 【ちくさのはな】 chigusa no kana, the thousand (autumn) wildflowers [that is, many kinds]
秋の七草 【ななくさ】 aki no nana kusa, the seven autumn flowers [which are, classically: 萩【はぎ】 hagi, bush clover、尾花【おばな】 obana, pampas grass flowers、葛花【くずばな】 kuzubana, arrowroot flowers、撫子【なでしこ】 nadeshiko, fringed pinks、女郎花【おみなえし】 ominaeshi, patrinia、藤袴【ふじばかま】 fujibakama, Joe-Pye weed; 朝顔【あさがお】 asagao, morning-glory; 桔梗【ききょう】 kikyou, Chinese bellflower, replaces morning-glory in modern lists] (all autumn).
撫子 【なでしこ】 nadeshiko, fringed pinks [see Summer] (all autumn).
末枯 【うらがれ】 uragare, withering/withered twigs (late autumn).
萩 【はぎ】 hagi, bush clover [Lespedeza species] (early autumn).
白萩 【しらはぎ】 shirahagi, white bush clover
山萩 【やまはぎ】 yamahagi, mountain bush clover [Lespedeza bicolor, pink-to-red-flowered]
野萩 【のはぎ】 nohagi, wild bush clover
小萩 【こはぎ】 kohagi , small/young bush clover
こぼれ萩 【こぼれはぎ】 koborehagi, overflowing bush clover
乱れ萩 【みだれはぎ】 midarehagi, profusion of bush clover
萩原 【はぎはら】 hagihara, bush clover meadow/field/plain
芒 【すすき】 薄susuki, pampas grass [Miscanthus sinensis] (all autumn).
花芒 【はなすすき】 hana susuki, flowering pampas grass
十寸穂の芒 【ますほのすすき】 masuho no susuki, ten-inch-plume pampas grass
鷹の羽芒 【たかのはすすき】 taka no ha susuki, zebra pampas grass [literally "hawk-feather pampas grass", M. sinensis variety zebrinus]
葛 【くず】 kuzu, arrowroot/kudzu [Pueraria lobata] (all autumn).
葛の葉 【くずのは】 kuzu no ha, arrowroot leaves / kudzu leaves
真葛 【まくず】 makuzu, genuine arrowroot / genuine kudzu [lauditory name]
葛の花 【くずのは】 kuzu no ha, arrowroot/kudzu flowers
真葛原 【まくずはら】 makuzu hara, plain of genuine arrowroot/kudzu
野菊 【のぎく】 nogiku, wild chrysanthemum(s)/aster(s) [any of several species of wild chrysanthemums or asters with thin-petalled, single white flowers with yellow centers] (mid autumn).
野路菊 【のじぎく】 nojigiku, wild chrysanthemum(s) [Chrysanthemum japonense]
【いのこずち(牛膝)】 inokozuchi, (ゐのこづち), ox knees [literal, a wild herb with small white flowers in spikes; root used in Chinese medicine, Achyranthes species] (all autumn).
曼珠沙華 【まんじゅしゃげ】 manjushage, red spider lily/lilies [Lycoris radiata] (mid autumn).
彼岸花 【ひがんばな】 higanbana, red spider lily/lilies [literally "Higan flower"]
桔梗 【ききょう】 kikyō, (ききやう), Chinese bellflower(s) [Platycodon grandiflorum] (early autumn).
桔梗 【きちこう】 kichikō, Chinese bellflower(s)
竜胆 【りんどう】 龍胆rindō, (りんだう), gentian(s) / autumn bellflower(s) [Gentiana scabra, ] (mid autumn).
露草 【つゆくさ】 tsuyukusa, common dayflower(s) / common commelina(s) / Asiatic dayflower(s) [literally "dew plant/flower"; Commelina communis, not a "spiderwort", which is the related genus Tradescantia] (early autumn).
螢草 【ほたるぐさ】 hotarugusa, firefly plant [literal]
赤のまんま 【あかのまんま】 aka no manma, red smartweed/knotweed/jointweed [Polygonum longisetum and related species] (early autumn).
赤のまま 【あかのまま】 aka no mama, red smartweed/knotweed/jointweed
犬蓼 【いぬたで】 inutade, (red) smartweed/knotweed/jointweed [literally "mongrel smartweed/. . ."]
蓼の花 【たでのはな】 tade no hana, flowers of smartweed/knotweed/jointweed
烏瓜 【からすうり】 karasu-uri, snake gourd(s) [literally "crow gourd/melon", fruit of Trichosanthes cucumeroides] (late autumn).
菌 【きのこ】 kinoko, mushroom(s) (late autumn).
茸 【きのこ】 kinoko, mushroom(s)
茸 【たけ】 take, mushroom(s)
茸山 【たけやま】 takeyama, mushroom hill/mountain(s)
茸飯 【きのこめし】 kinoko meshi, mushroom rice [that is, rice with mushrooms]
初茸 【はつたけ】 hatsutake, first mushroom(s)
松茸 【まつたけ】 matsutake, pine mushroom(s) [Armillaria edodes]
椎茸 【しいたけ】 shiitake, shiitake / pasania mushroom(s) [Cortinellus shiitake]
【しめじ(湿地茸)】 shimeji, champignon(s) / meadow mushroom(s) [Agaricus campestris, A. hortensis and related]
榎茸 【えのきだけ】 enokidake, hackberry mushroom(s)
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