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Brief Entries

新年【しんねん】:生活 【せいかつ】
shinnen: seikatsu, New Year: Daily Life

春着 【はるぎ】 harugi, spring clothes (New Year).
正月小袖 【しょうがつこそで】 shōgatsu kosode, New Year's short sleeves [that is, short kimono sleeves]
春襲 【はるがさね】 harugasane, spring clothing [implies layers]
春衣装 【はるいしょう】 haru ishō, spring clothes
喰積 【くいつみ】 kuitsumi, (くひつみ), stacked food / assembled food [for New Year's meals] (New Year).
重詰 【じゅうづめ】 jūzume, food in stacked lacquered boxes
組重 【くみじょう】 kumijō, assembled (food) boxes [filled lacquered-box set]
食継 【くいつぎ】 kuitsugi, assembled food
お手掛け 【おてかけ】 otekake, something to hold [polite formula when offering food; the food offered]
年酒 【ねんしゅ】 nenshu, New Year's saké (New Year).
【としざけ】 toshizake, New Year's saké
屠蘇 【とそ】 toso, mulled saké
雑煮祝ふ 【ぞうにいわう】 zōni iwau, (ざうにいはふ), (to) celebrate with zōni (New Year).
雑煮 【ぞうに】 zōni, zōni [a New Year's dish: a clear vegetable broth with rice cakes]
羮を祝ふ 【かんをいわう】 kan o iwau, (to) celebrate with hot soup
雑煮餅 【ぞうにもち】 zōni mochi, mochi made for zōni soup
門松 【かどまつ】 kadomatsu, (New Year's) gate pine(s) [decorations placed on either side of gate, outer doorway, etc.] (New Year).
松飾り 【まつかざり】 matsu kazari, pine decoration(s)
飾り松 【かざりまつ】 kazari matsu, decorative pine(s)
飾り竹 【かざりたけ】 kazari take, decorative bamboo
門の松 【かどのまつ】 kado no matsu, gate pine(s)
飾 【かざり】 kazari, (New Year's) decoration (New Year).
お飾 【おかざり】 (御飾り)okazari, New Year's decoration
輪飾 【わかざり】 wakazari, straw wreath [for New Year's]
鏡餅 【かがみもち】 kagami-mochi, mirror rice cake(s) [large rice-cakes used as a New Year's offering] (New Year).
御鏡 【おかがみ】 okagami, august/revered mirror (rice cake[s])
具足餅 【ぐそくもち】 gusoku mochi, armor-plate rice cake(s)
鎧餅 【よろいもち】 yoroi mochi, armor rice cake(s) [these last two are fancy names for mirror rice cake(s)]
初暦 【はつごよみ】 hatsugoyomi, new calendar [literally "first (use of the new) calendar"] (New Year).
暦開 【こよみびらき】 koyomibiraki, opening the (new) calendar
初夢 【はつゆめ】 hatsu-yume, first dream (New Year).
貘枕 【ばくまくら】 baku-makura, tapir pillow [that is, a pillow with a picture of a tapir under it]
初寝覚 【はつねざめ】 hatsu-nezame, first awakening
年賀 【ねんが】 nenga, New Year's greetings (New Year).
年始 【ねんし】 nenshi, New Year's call / New Year's greetings
年礼 【ねんれい】 nenrei, New Year's greetings
門礼 【かどれい】 kadorei, (New Year's) greetings at the gate
回礼 【かいれい】 kairei, greetings-round [making New Year's courtesy calls]
賀詞 【がし】 gashi, (New Year's) congratulations / greetings
賀状 【がじょう】 gajō, (がじやう), (New Year's) greeting card (New Year).
年賀状 【ねんがじょう】 nengajō, New Year's greeting card
年始状 【ねんしじょう】 nenshijō, New Year's card
年賀葉書 【ねんがはがき】 nenga hagaki, New Year's postcard
年玉 【としだま】 toshidama, New Year's present/gift [usually money] (New Year).
お年玉 【おとしだま】 (御年玉)otoshidama, New Year's gift [recipient's viewpoint]
年の餅 【としのもち】 toshi no mochi, New Year's rice cake [often a gift]
書初 【かきぞめ】 kakizome, first calligraphy [of the New Year] (New Year).
筆始 【ふではじめ】 fude hajime, first (use of the) writing-brush [in the New Year]
試筆 【しひつ】 shihitsu, trying the brush [for the first time in the New Year]
吉書 【きっしょ】 kissho, lucky writing [that is, the first writing of the New Year]
歌留多 【かるた】 karuta, playing cards [in haikai, always indicates the waka-based card-game traditionally played at the New Year] (New Year).
歌留多会 【かるたかい】 karutakai, card party [in haikai, part of New Year's festivities]
歌かるた 【うたかるた】 uta karuta, waka playing cards
いろは歌留多 【いろはがるた】 irohagaruta, i-ro-ha playing cards [based on Japanese syllabary; equivalent to "a-b-c cards"]
正月の凧 【しょうがつのたこ】 shōgatsu no tako, (しやうぐわつのたこ), New Year's kite (New Year).
凧揚 【たこあげ】 takoage, kite flying
紙鳶 【しえん】 shien, paper black kite [an unfortunate pun in English; this "black kite" is the bird, Milvus migrans, Japanese 鳶【とび】 tobi]
【いかのぼり(凧)】 ikanobori, kite
追羽子 【おいばね】 oibane, (おひばね), battledore and shuttlecock (New Year).
遣羽子 【やりばね】 yaribane, battledore and shuttlecock
羽子つく 【はねつく】 hane tsuku, (to) play battledore and shuttlecock
揚羽子 【あげばね】 agebane, battledore and shuttlecock
手毬 【てまり】 temari, hand ball [not to be confused with Western handball] (New Year).
手鞠 【てまり】 temari, hand ball
手毬唄 【てまりうた】 temariuta, hand-ball song
手毬子 【たまりご】 temarigo, hand-ball girl [that is, one playing with a hand ball]
手毬つく 【てまりつく】 temari tsuku, (to) play with a hand ball
独楽 【こま】 koma, toy top (New Year).
破魔弓 【はまゆみ】 hamayumi, demon-quelling bow / exorcism bow (New Year).
破魔矢 【はまや】 hamaya, demon-quelling arrow / exorcism arrow [purchased at shrine during 初詣【はつもうで】 hatsumōde]
獅子舞 【ししまい】 shishimai, (ししまひ), lion dance (New Year).
太神楽 【だいかぐら】 daikagura, Great Kagura [Shinto music and dancing for the New Year]
竈祓 【かまどはらい】 kamadoharai, hearth-cleaning
獅子頭 【ししがしら】 shishigashira, lion's head [worn in the lion dance]
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